The 369th Infantry Regiment, also colorfully known as the Harlem Hellfighters, was the first African-American and Puerto Rican regiment to fight with the United States Armed Forces (then called the American Expeditionary Forces) during World War I. The Harlem Hellfighters were constituted on June 2, 1913 in the New York National Guard as the 15th New York Infantry Regiment.
They were one of the first units in America’s armed forces to have black officers as well as all-black enlisted corps. The men had a record that could rival any other U.S. infantry regiment in the forces.
Their other nicknames included “Men of Bronze” and the “Black Rattlers”.